In their distinctive orange uniforms, Los Topos stationed themselves on each of the 6 floors of the Scientology Church, directly across from Plaza de … It was followed by a 7.5 earthquake 36 hours later. The event caused serious damage to the Greater Mexico Cityarea and the deaths of at least 5,000 people. This “party-movement,” led by PRI-defector Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, challenged the PRI in the 1988 election– the largest opposition in 70 years – and set in motion a reform process that brought more power to the local level and away from the PRI’s political castle. City officials maintain that building codes are enforced, and the mayor’s office has developed a six-point plan in case of future emergencies. The magnitude 8.1 earthquake lasted a full two minutes. “Well, that’s not so easy,” she says. As for the courageous damnificados, Eckstein asks, “why did the movement not transform into a broader fight for more issues over a longer period of time?” Why has the legacy of the earthquake mobilisation faded so quickly? Yet, in the peripheral zones, beyond the tourist’s reach, informal settlements continue to proliferate. Mexico City on Sunday marked 25 years since a powerful earthquake devastated the Mexican capital, killing thousands and sparking a grassroots civilian rescue effort that helped lead to the demise of the one-party state. “We are more vulnerable precisely because of the high population density and the large quantity of high-risk settlements that proliferate in the metropolitan zone.”. Trees line the perimeter and, on most days, it is a blurry bustle of tourists and office workers. Residents build with whatever materials they can find and afford, and they continue to struggle to gain access to basic services such as water and electricity. Just a few blocks away, the historic city centre, or El Centro, was in pieces. Read the article on the Scientology Newsroom. The earthquake revealed the precarity of Mexico City life. The sequence of events included a foreshock of magnitude 5.2 that occurred the prior May, the main shock on 19 September, and two large aftershocks. The earthquake reached a magnitude 8.0, according to the United States Geological Survey. Los Topos Founder Héctor Méndez began his career in search and rescue 31 years ago, when the massive earthquake struck his city. Today, those alliances are either in pieces or disbanded completely. As a result, informal settlements exploded across the city, from expanding tenements in the city centre to makeshift structures along its outer rings. They also expose its social and political foundations. With more than 16 million residents, the city had been growing at a ludicrous rate – over 4% annually through the 1970s, with a growth rate of close to 40% in the city’s periphery. Mexico City Earthquake of 1985 Three type of plates boundaries: In Mexico City on September 19,1985 a big earthquake happened, struck in the early morning at 7:19 am, was jolted by a magnitude of 8.0. MEXICO CITY -- A major earthquake 40 miles off Mexico's Pacific coast rocked the nation today, crumbling churches, hotels and office buildings as far as 250 miles away in Mexico City… The growth of these settlements over the last three decades attests to the persistence of poverty and inequality in Mexico City – and as a result, its vulnerability to its next big earthquake. Guardian Cities will be reporting live from Mexico City in November. A residential block collapses during the Mexico City earthquake in September 1985. Spokesman for the Church of Scientology for Latin America, Rev. These reconstruction efforts were part of the broader Renovation of Popular Housing Program (RHP), which produced over 45,000 new housing units under pressure from organised victims. Mexico City September 1985 A magnitude 8.1 earthquake struck Mexico City on the early morning of 19 September 1985 at around 7:19 am (CST) – causing the deaths of at least 10,000 people and serious damage to the Greater Mexico City Area. Resistance to the PRI and its single-party rule had been growing since the 1960s. And they were struggling to find water at home. When a 7.4-magnitude quake hit in March 2012, the city was well-prepared, initiating its six-point emergency plan and evacuating public buildings. We will wait a second so that we can continue talking.” The feed cut to static. The 1985 earthquake in Mexico City, 32 years ago to the day this week, registered an 8.1 magnitude and resulted in the deaths of more than 10,000 people. Not long after, he founded Los Topos Aztecas, now known simply as Los Topos. “The earthquake provided a context in which poor people’s movements could really start to take hold.”. Los Topos and the Scientology Volunteer Ministers formed a partnership after working together in Haiti. The 1985 Mexico City earthquake was an earthquake that happened in Mexico City on September 19, 1985. “It is wonderful to work with Los Topos—true professionals in their field. On the Televisa broadcast that morning, newscaster Lourdes Guerrero maintained her smile as the room around her began to move. Today Los Topos is one of the world’s most trusted search and rescue teams. “The inner city area ultimately falls apart as a unit. The Solidarity Plaza in Mexico City’s El Centro is a simple monument. These successes were not merely local. Mexico city's baseball stadium is now its largest Mort for Irene not Gilad the waiting is over. “The dramatic experience of the earthquake of the September of 1985 switched on the light,” writes Pedro Moctezuma, an activist in Mexico City at the time, “to see the fragility and corruption of the system of construction and the political party apparatus.”. The 1985 Mexico City Earthquake On the morning of September 19, 1985, an 8.1-magnitude earthquake hit the western states of Mexico and including Mexico City. Earthquake shakes Mexico City On September 19, 1985, a powerful earthquake strikes Mexico City and leaves 10,000 people dead, 30,000 injured and … In 1985, Mexico City was the world’s largest urban area. I cannot believe that the government actually impeded the rescue efforts that brave civilians had begun. The Mexico City government maintains a “zero-tolerance” policy with respect to informal settlements – neither state infrastructure nor state services flow there. In their destruction, earthquakes expose more than the physical foundations of the city. “To keep movements alive, you need new issues. That approach was meant to discourage migrants from settling on the urban periphery. The Hotel Regis, once the neoclassical centrepiece of the downtown area, was all rubble and ash. Images of the 1985 Mexico City earthquake are exhibited along Reforma Avenue this month, to mark the 30th anniversary of the disaster. In 1985, Mexico City was the world’s largest urban area. Press Release (ePRNews.com) - Mexico City, Mexico - Sep 21, 2016 - As part of a city-wide earthquake response drill planned by the Mexico City government, the National Scientology Organization of Mexico organized a successful evacuation exercise, under the supervision of the world-famous search and rescue team, Los Topos. The building code changed after a massive earthquake in 1985 The 1985 earthquake claimed more than 10,000 lives, flattened 30,000 buildings and damaged 68,000 more. 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