It is one of India’s largest cities and one of its major ports. Kolkata is better known as the “city of joy”, but do you know it has other names such as “city of palaces”, and the “cultural capital of India”? The civic body, Kolkata Municipal Corporation, was established in 1876 and is responsible for city’s infrastructure, civic amenities, and administration. Kolkata, also known as “The City of Joy” is the capital of the state of West Bengal in India. First of All Open Given Link using Google Pay App. Omissions? It is the headquarters of the district, and also the headquarters of the Howrah Sadar subdivision of the district. This city is famous for its grand colonial architecture, art galleries, food, music and cultural festivals. The city situated on the banks of Hooghly River, traditionally called Ganga or also called Kali Ganga. Dakshineswar Kali Temple. Its maximum elevation is about 30 feet (9 metres) above sea level. It is famous for its Rajbaris. The places surrounding Kolkata are so versatile that you will be surprised that you did not know many of their names. The other two villages were known as Sutanuti and Govindapur. Kolkata is also the biggest city of the state and a major commercial and education hub. Suburbs of Kolkata include Haora (Howrah) on the west bank, Baranagar to the north, South Dum Dum to the northeast, Behala to the south, and Garden Reach in the southwest. It is the state capital of West Bengal. The whole city twinkles with millions of lights around the city. B. D. Bagh area. Yet for all of Kolkata’s vitality, many of the city’s residents live in some of the worst conditions, far removed from the cultural milieu. Kolkata is also nick […] 3. Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, is the capital of West Bengal, a large state in the eastern part of India. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Ballygunge – One of Posh Areas in Kolkata. If you wish to break free from the clutches of the monotony of the everyday hustle and bustle of your daily life, the city has numerous options when it comes to exploration. City of Palaces. If you wish to break free from the clutches of the monotony of the everyday hustle and bustle of your daily life, the city has numerous options when it comes to exploration. KOLKATA: Amid the pandemic, Calcutta which is known as the cultural capital of the country for its love for culture is gradually patronizing artistes … And currently as per the area it covers, Kolkata is said to be the second largest city after New Delhi, beating Mumbai and Bangaluru. (2011) 4,486,679; urban agglom., 14,112,536. Kolkata Source Kolkata is called the City of Palaces, and also the City of Joy. The city was a colonial city developed by the British East India Company and then by the British Empire. Satellite view is showing Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta), capital of India's West Bengal state, a major river port and the third most populous city in India (after Delhi and Mumbai). Howrah or Haora is an industrial city, a municipal corporation in the Howrah district, West Bengal, India. Mumbai isn’t just the wealthiest city in the country, but among the wealthiest globally. The city was renamed, Kolkata in 2001. A third opinion traces it to the Bengali words for lime (calcium oxide; kali) and burnt shell (kata), since the area was noted for the manufacture of shell lime. The club is also known for its exploits in cricket, hockey, tennis, and athletics. According to some, Kalikata is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, meaning “Ground of (the goddess) Kali.” Some say the city’s name derives from the location of its original settlement on the bank of a canal (khal). Hence, to avoid any last-minute disappointments in the upcoming year, here is a list of dry days in Kolkata. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, IndiaNetzone - Kolkata, Indian City, West Bengal, India Video - Kolkata City - A Short Trip, Kolkata - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Kolkata - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). It is warm year-round, with average high temperatures ranging from about 80 °F (27 °C) in December and January to nearly 100 °F (38 °C) in April and May. Some key attractions include Eden Garden, Bellur Math Temple, Aurobindo Ashram, Birla Planetarium, Marble Place and the Howrah Bridge. Kolkata old name was Calcutta. Hotels in Kolkata Kolkata, also known as the City of Joy, is India's third largest metropolitan city. On a dry day, liquor shops remain closed. I was born and brought up here in Kolkata. It is the third most populous metropolitan area in India after Delhi and Mumbai. Rajarhat, also called New Town, is the newest township being developed on the north-eastern fringes of Kolkata city. The city is located near the Bay of Bengal in the north east of the country on the left banks of the Hooghly River, a major distributary of the Ganges. This was accompanied by the development of a culture that fus… It is considered the cultural capital of India because of a large number of writers, painters, dancers, and artists come from this city. The city of Kolkata is the capital of the state of West Bengal. During October and November the rainfall dwindles. Kolkata, which is also fondly known as the 'City of Joy', is the treasure trove of rich culture and heritage. Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta) is the largest city in the region, also the temple cities of Puri of Lord Jagannath fame and Bhubaneswar are both in Odisha (formerly known as Orissa). It continues to puzzle newcomers and to arouse an abiding nostalgia in the minds of those who have lived there. The name of that village and present day Kolkata are derived from the Bengali word kilkila, which means flat area. This city is also known as the city of joy. Kolkata is one of the largest cities in India, but unlike the other large metropolis, this northeast Indian city, capital of Bengal, has an identity and character all its own. Pop. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Kolkata served as the British capital till 1912, before it was shifted to Delhi. The area covers 4 municipal corporations along with 37 municipalities. It was founded on 15 August 1889 and is one of India's top football clubs. The city is centred on the east bank of the Hugli (Hooghly) River, once the main channel of the Ganges (Ganga) River, about 96 miles (154 km) upstream from the head of the Bay of Bengal; there the port city developed as a point of transshipment from water to land and from river to sea. This city is also known as city of joy. In the process it created an amalgam of East and West that found its expression in the life and works of the 19th-century Bengali elite and its most noteworthy figure, the poet and mystic Rabindranath Tagore. The city is also known for the biggest celebration of the festival Durga Puja. KOLKATA: Kolkata’s Kalighat temple may soon get a golden crown and join the league of other famous temples located across India known to have spectacular gold crowns. The city is also known for the biggest celebration of the festival Durga Puja. The Khidderpore port in Kolkata is India’s only riverine port and also the oldest port in the country. Hotels in Kolkata Kolkata, also known as the City of Joy, is India's third largest metropolitan city. Apr 27, 2019 - #kolkata #cityofjoy Kolkata also known as Calcutta is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Most of this falls from June to September, the period of the monsoon. : [ Open] 2. View all posts by Elina, Compare and Hire Leading Service Providers near you for, How to Decide If You Should Move to another State or City, How to Prepare Financially for Relocating to Other City, How to Deal With Emotional Stress of Moving House to a New City, Interior Design Cost in Kolkata 2/3 BHK Flat with Wood Work,…, Delhi: 20 amazing and interesting facts about Delhi, Curtains for Home: Here’s how to choose right curtains. Kolkata has an Indian Premier League franchise known as the Kolkata Knight Riders; the Cricket Association of Bengal, which regulates cricket in West Bengal, is also based in the city. The city is also home to several special economic zones (SEZ) and IT parks. They are not all naturally gorgeous. Cultural activities dominate the city, so industries promoting art and culture also prevail here. About Kolkata The capital of West Bengal, Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is one of the important metropolitan cities in India. At present has the headquarters of three large nationalized banks Allahabad Bank, Uco Bank, and United Bank of India. Victoria Memorial Hall in Kolkata (Calcutta), India. The 7 th most populous city in India is Kolkata, under 2011 Indian Cencus. Kolkata Sightseeing. During Durga Puja, the city becomes a city of a huge crowd who join for celebrating Durga Puja. This city is famous for its grand colonial architecture, art galleries, food, music and cultural festivals. Along with the main port of communication for North east India ,it is the primary business, commercial and financial hub of Eastern India. Tournaments, especially those involving cricket, football, badminton, and carrom, are regularly organised on an inter-locality or inter-club basis. This large and vibrant Indian city thrives amid seemingly insurmountable economic, social, and political problems. Situated on the eastern banks of river Hooghly, Kolkata is East India's most important commercial, cultural, and educational centre with a rich history that dates back several centuries. Ballygunge is also one of the posh areas in Kolkata. Kolkata-the city of joy 1. Compare and Book Local Services and Save More. Howrah Station is said to be the busiest station in India for its capacity, and capability of handling plenty numbers of unique trains on a daily basis. The Kolkata Book Fair is the most popular and biggest fair across Asia. List of dry days in Kolkata 2021. However, this old city, once the capital of British India, is home to many historical and old buildings and it is rumored that some of them are haunted. Kolkata is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — have a look at each of them.. Kolkata (Bengali:কলকাতা) [] (formerly Calcutta) is the capital of West Bengal and the second largest city in India (after Mumbai).If Bangalore is the Seattle of India, then Kolkata is the sub-contintent's London. Again it’s the third largest Urban economy of India. Kolkata is known as the City of Palaces because of the number of buildings built by the British Raj during the 19th century. college street or ‘Boi Para’ (Colony of Books). Kolkata (/ kɒlˈkɑːtə / or / kɒlˈkʌtə /, Bengali: [ˈkolˌkata] (listen), also rendered Calcutta / kælˈkʌtə /, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Kolkata is also known for having India’s first underground rail metro service. Also known as the ‘Cultural Capital of India’, Kolkata preserves the remnants of British Raj in its Victorian-style architecture, trams and cuisine. But other than Kolkata’s economical qualities, scenic beauty, and other attractions, it is necessary for one to know the other basic and important facts about the city. Street Food. Kolkata is better known as the “city of joy”, but do you know it has other names such as “city of palaces”, and the “cultural capital of India”? This city is famous for its grand colonial architecture, art galleries, food, music and cultural festivals. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The average annual rainfall is about 64 inches (1,625 mm). Last year it has been estimated that Kolkata had a population of around 4.6 million, which makes it the 7th most populous city in India. Kolkata grew rapidly in the 19th century to become the second city of the British Indian Empire. 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