The European Commission has set out several energy strategies for a more secure, sustainable and low-carbon economy. Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources set an overall goal across the EU for a 20 % share of energy consumption to be derived from renewable sources by 2020, while renewables should also account for a 10 % share of the fuel used in the transport sector by the same date. The Public Renewable Energy Finance Flows shown in these tables present an overview of investment transactions for renewable energies from selected public financial institutions. This will greatly contribute to the Commission's political priority as expressed by President Juncker in 2014 for the European Union to become the world number one in renewables. In addition to solar panels, which convert the sun's light to electricity, concentrating solar power (CSP) plants use mirrors to concentrate the sun's heat, deriving thermal energy instead. To improve accuracy and consistency with national statistics in calculating renewable energy shares, national calorific values were used, where available, for converting quantities of all energy products into energy units, instead of the default calorific values. Only reported compliant biofuels and bioliquids are counted towards the respective shares of renewables. geothermal power station. Non è possibile visualizzare una descrizione perché il sito non lo consente. Renewable energy, also called alternative energy, usable energy derived from replenishable sources such as the Sun ( solar energy ), wind ( wind power ), rivers ( hydroelectric power ), hot springs ( geothermal energy ), tides ( tidal power ), and biomass ( biofuels ). The Communication also called for a more coordinated European approach in the establishment and reform of support schemes and an increased use of renewable energy trading among EU Member States. Croatia, France, Lithuania and Hungary). The journal aims to be a leading peer-reviewed platform and an authoritative source of original research and reviews related to renewable energy. While hydropower is theoretically a clean energy source replenished by rain and snow, it also has several drawbacks. As a consequence of the Renewable Energy Directive, countries are monitoring much closer the flows of renewable energy commodities in their economies. Biomass: Biomass energy includes biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel, wood and wood waste, biogas from landfills, and municipal solid waste. From 2001 to 2017, cumulative wind capacity around the world increased to more than 539,000 megawatts from 23,900 mwâmore than 22 fold. The statistics presented in this article are based on data compiled in accordance with accounting rules set down in the Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and calculated on the basis of energy statistics covered by Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 on energy statistics, most recently amended in November 2019 by Regulation (EU) No 2019/2146. Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! Similarly, debates have erupted over whether it's a good idea to ship wood pellets from U.S. forests over to Europe so that it can be burned for electricity. Renewable Energy Statistics 2020 provides data sets on power-generation capacity for 2010-2019, actual power generation for 2010-2018 and renewable energy balances for over 130 countries and areas for 2017-2018. The first U.S. offshore wind farm opened in 2016 in Rhode Island, and other offshore projects are gaining momentum. Most non-renewable energy sources are fossil fuel s: coal, petroleum, and natural gas. From 2011, the data for liquid biofuels in transport are restricted only to liquid biofuels compliant with Directive 2009/28/EC (in other words satisfying the sustainability criteria). In this video some interesting facts regarding Renewable Energy have been revealed. In 2019, renewable energy provided about 11.5 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu)—1 quadrillion is the number 1 followed by 15 zeros—equal to 11.4% of total U.S. energy consumption. As greenhouse gases trap heat in the atmosphere that would otherwise escape into space, average temperatures on the surface are rising. Among the EU-27 Member States the share of energy from renewable sources in heating and cooling was more than half in Sweden (66.1 %), Latvia (57.8 %), Finland (57.5 %) and Estonia (52.3 %). As a consequence, several countries are revising their data leading to an increase in their share of energy from renewable sources (e.g. While the EU as a whole is on course to meet its 2020 targets, some Member States will need to make additional efforts to meet their obligations as regards the two main targets: the overall share of energy from renewable sources in the gross final energy consumption (see Figure 1) and the specific share of energy from renewable sources in transport (which is dealt with further on in this article, see Figure 4 and Table 4). Of course, renewablesâlike any source of energyâhave their own trade-offs and associated debates. Some people may object to how wind turbines look on the horizon and to how they sound, but wind energy, whose prices are declining, is proving too valuable a resource to deny. Home » 5 Fast Facts about Hydrogen and Fuel Cells. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. It also doesn't encompass other low- or zero-emissions resources that have their own advocates, including energy efficiency and nuclear power. October 4, 2017. Like solar power, biomass is a flexible energy source, able to fuel vehicles, heat buildings, and produce electricity. At the other side of the scale, the EU-27 Member States with a share of energy from renewable sources in heating and cooling of less than 10 % were Ireland (6.3 %), the Netherlands (7.1 %), Belgium (8.3 %) and Luxembourg (8.7 %), see Table 3. They include energy generated from solar, wind, biomass, geothermal, hydropower and ocean resources, solid biomass, biogas and liquid biofuels. More details on the share of energy from renewable sources in transport can be found in Table 4. The total final consumption for heating and cooling is the final consumption of all energy commodities, except electricity, for purposes other than transport, plus the consumption of heat for own use at electricity and heat plants and heat losses in networks. Find out more about solar power - and learn how this renewable resource harnesses the power of the sun into usable energy. Even without climate change, fossil fuels are a finite resource, and if we want our lease on the planet to be renewed, our energy will have to be renewable. The Directive changes the legal framework for promoting renewable electricity, requires national action plans to show how renewable energies will be developed in each EU Member State, creates cooperation mechanisms, and establishes sustainability criteria for liquid biofuels (following concerns over their potential adverse effects on crop prices, food supply, forest protection, biodiversity, water and soil resources). Facts and Figures Renewable energy resources alone are not sufficient to meet the predicted dramatic increase in energy demands through 2030. The EU agreed to set a common target of 10 % for the share of renewable energy (including liquid biofuels, hydrogen, biomethane, ‘green’ electricity, etc.) EU countries' plans for meeting their 2020 renewable energy obligations. But Croatia is not the only case. Fossil fuels—coal, oil, and natural gas—do substantially more harm than renewable energy sources by most measures, including air and water pollution, damage to public health, wildlife and habitat loss, water use, land use, and global warming emissions.. Strictly speaking, renewable energy is just what you might think: perpetually available, or as the U.S. Energy Information Administration puts it, "virtually inexhaustible." Data are available for all EU Member States, as well as the United Kingdom, Iceland, Norway, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania and Kosovo*. This document highlights DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's advancements in renewable electricity generation technologies including solar, water, wind, and geothermal. WATCH: Taller than the Statue of Liberty, these wind turbines journeyed across the sea. Although renewable facilities require upfront investments to build, they can then operate at very low cost (for most clean energy technologies, the “fuel” is free). These objectives are seen as a step towards meeting the greenhouse gas emissions targets for 2050 put forward in the Roadmap for moving to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050 (COM (2011) 112 final). On a large scale, underground reservoirs of steam and hot water can be tapped through wells that can go a mile deep or more to generate electricity. In the western U.S., carbon dioxide emissions over a 15-year period were 100 megatons higher than they normally would have been, according to a 2018 study, as utilities turned to coal and gas to replace hydropower lost to drought. Clean energy has far more to recommend it than just being "green." The EU seeks to have a 20 % share of its gross final energy consumption from renewable sources by 2020; this target is distributed between the EU Member States with national action plans designed to plot a pathway for the development of renewable energies in each of the Member States. What are solar cells, and how do they work? Renewables, including solar, wind, hydro, biofuels and others, are at the centre of the transition to a less carbon-intensive and more sustainable energy system. Full article. All energy sources have some impact on our environment. Becoming the world’s first climate-neutral continent by 2050 is the greatest challenge and opportunity of our times. Renewable energy sources come from natural sources and can be replenished. At the opposite end of the scale, the lowest proportions of renewables were registered in Luxembourg (7.0 %), Malta (8.5 %), the Netherlands (8.8 %) and Belgium (9.9 %).