But just how late is too late when it comes to planting winter wheat in Ontario? UNL web framework and quality assurance provided by the, Apply to the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, Give to the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Strengthening Nebraska's Agricultural Economy, Michael Sindelar - Cropping Systems Extension Educator, variety selection and resources available to growers in east and south central Nebraska, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2015.04.034, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2015.03.012, Eastern Nebraska Growers Adding Wheat into the Rotation, Use plant diversity to increase diversity in the soil, Manage soils more by disturbing them less, Keep a live root throughout the year to feed the soil, Having both spring and fall planted crops. With new plant growth regulators (PGRs) entering the Ontario market, many are asking, when and where should a PGR be used? Attaining a consistent seed depth is important in order to increase the probability of … In winter wheat country – from Texas to Nebraska – winter wheat is generally planted the end of September through mid-October. Several long-term (14 & 15 years) crop rotations studies (Monmouth and Perry, Illinois and Ridgetown, Ontario) have shown including winter wheat in the rotation with corn and soybeans increases water stable aggregates, which is a very sensitive and good indicator for soil physical health (Figure 1). Pick fields that can gain more from the crop diversity, such as those plagued with a disease or insects, while improving soil health. Seeding depth. In order to successfully do this, ensure all soybean residue is evenly spread and that the drill can easily cut through the residue. “It went perfectly. The southern area of this region may use wheat as pasture. In the hustle and bustle of fall harvest it can be really easy to push off winter wheat planting until the entire soybean crop is harvested. It is generally not recommended to seed more than 10 days prior to the optimum date for your region. The time to plant winter wheat varies considerably from place to place. Trials from 2005 and 2006 conducted by Ontario Soil and Crop indicate surprising results when seeding wheat very late. These aspects of soil health were increased by adding wheat into the rotation regardless of the tillage system (conventional or no-till). Planting wheat on Sept 17 vs Sept 30 resulted in a substantial yield increase while also using a lower seeding rate. Spring wheat can be planted as early as you can work the soil. Chances increase for good establishment and successful over-wintering if it can be planted in late September or early October. A diverse crop rotation appears to be the toughest practice to adopt. Table 1. Red winter wheat is an excellent cover crop to plant in the fall to infuse nutrients back in turned soil and prepare the ground plot for seeds and plants cultivated in it the following spring. In winter wheat country – from Texas to Nebraska – winter wheat is generally planted the end of September through mid-October. Prepare to plant winter wheat in the fall, approximately 6 to 8 weeks before the soil freezes, as this allows for strong root growth. However, Ontario research has shown a 1.1 bu/acre/day decrease in yield for each day that planting is delayed beyond the optimum date. Sign up and receive the latest posts right in your inbox. Copyright © 2018 Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, All Rights Reserved. Winter Wheat in Ontario . When the upper layers of the soil dry out, the depth of sowing seeds on chernozems can be increased to 8 – 10 cm. "They've decided there isn't enough wheat … Many other species of plants undergo vernalization, including a variety of fruit tree species and annual and biennial flowering plants. When it comes to determining your optimum planting date for your region, Ontario’s Optimum Winter Wheat Planting Date map (Figure 1) is a great resource. Researchers also found other benefits including increased total soil nitrogen, higher potentially mineralizable N, higher nitrogen use efficiency, reduce N rates needed in corn for maximum economic return, and higher yields in corn and soybean. Johnson speculated that roughly 650,000 acres of winter wheat will be harvested in the province once those operations begin. If so, planting begins a few weeks earlier, according to Stewart Duncan, agronomist at the Kansas State University Northeast Area Extension Office, who recommends a seeding rate of 60 to 75 pounds per … If for example you live in the London area, the optimum planting date for your region falls between September 25 th and September 30 th . Starter fertilizer provides nutrients for early growth and promotes root development, ultimately improving winter survival and crop uniformity the following spring. Ontario research has shown over and over again that winter wheat is highly responsive to starter fertilizer, phosphorus in particular. Winter wheat production for New York is forecasted at 7.43 million bushels, up 24 percent from the 2014 crop. Several long-term (14 & 15 years) crop rotations studies (Monmouth and Perry, Illinois and Ridgetown, Ontario) have shown including winter wheat in the rotation with corn and soybeans increases water stable aggregates, which is a very sensitive and good indicator for soil physical health (Figure 1). The weather had a negative impact on yield for many while others were pleasantly surprised with yields pushing well over 100 bu/ac.